I have been thinking lately about the Holy Spirit and the Old Testament.
What is the relationship between the “baptism of the Spirit” and the OT record? What is the meaning of the present normalized baptism of all believers?
One may note, if one sings any psalmodic hymnody, that we have a line in Psalm 51 that prays: “Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me” (Ps 51.11). Many protestants, myself included, believe that the Holy Spirit, is the possession of every believer today (see the verse immediately below), and that the true believer cannot be “unsaved.”
—–Romans 8.9: “Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him.”
(Therefore all believers must have the Holy Spirit, or they aren’t really believers – this is the case at least at the time of the writing of Romans onward).
So what of David (a true believer – the man after God’s own heart) and his request to keep the Holy Spirit?
In the OT, the King is often referred to at the Holy One of God or as the Annointed One. The “messianic” nature of Jesus is exactly this: Messiah means “anointed one” or more practically, the one marked out by anointing to be King.
The Anointing of the Holy Spirit came to the unfaithful Saul:
“Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on his head and kissed him and said, “Has not the LORD anointed you to be prince over his people Israel? And you shall reign over the people of the LORD and you will save them from the hand of their surrounding enemies. … Then the Spirit of the LORD will rush upon you, and you will prophesy with them and be turned into another man.”
(1 Sam 10.1,6)
Then a warning:
“Only fear the LORD and serve him faithfully with all your heart. For consider what great things he has done for you. But if you still do wickedly, you shall be swept away, both you and your king.”
(1 Sam 12.24-5)
God explains the consequence:
“But now your kingdom shall not continue. The LORD has sought out a man after his own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be prince over his people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”
(1 Sam 13.14)
God tells Samuel of his displeasure:
“I regret that I have made Saul king, for he has turned back from following me and has not performed my commandments.”
(1 Sam 15.11)
The Holy Spirit LEAVES Saul — The Anointing is Moved to David
“The LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons. … And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him, for this is he.” Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah. Now the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil[b] spirit from the LORD tormented him.”
(1 Sam 16.1,12-14)
Well. It seems that what David was doing in the Psalm was grieving for heinous sin, and having seen the result of Saul’s unfaithfulness to God, begs God in repentance, asking to not lose the anointing AS KING.
Interestingly we see Jesus “the Messiah” (anointed one) being anointed by the Holy Spirit at his baptism by John. Then he begins his campaign of preaching the “announcement of the Kingdom” which he proclaims as a present reality at that time.
Jesus was crucified as “King of the Jews” by Pilate. But if Jesus was taking his eschatological role as King, why was so much of his Kingship full of strife and unfulfilled apparent rule?
Remember that David too was annointed, only to have to wait in exile until his adversary, and pretendant to the throne, was dead. Anointed, and later enthroned. This was Jesus role, until the cross defeated the enemy, the “principalities and powers” (both human and demonic).
Now that we are in the New Covenant “in Jesus” we too share in that Holy Spirit anointing – every one of us believers. It is a seal and guarantee that we have entered the kingdom although we wait to “reign with him.”