Thus Did All the Sons of Israel [Part 2 of 4]

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All Ate the Same Spiritual Food (Paedocommunion)

Children did indeed take part in the Old Testament Passover.

I mean to show that they were allowed, not prohibited to eat the Passover. The were also intended and required to be part of the initial Passover meal, which should have been the feast at Horeb. (Ex 10, Ex 12).

In [Part 1], I began by looking at an argument I oppose: The argument states that Exodus 12.26 clarifies for us that children were not participants in the meal, as is seen in the question “What do you mean by this service?” My argument states that Ex 12.24 sets up the group of participants for us, “you shall keep it, you and your sons”.

Here in [Part 2], I want to show that there is a context of expecting “you and your sons” to be normative, inclusive, covenantal and connected to succession of God’s blessings, whether in sacraments or in law, or in relationship to God.

I won’t need to put forth too many passages, I think 3 or 4 at the most.

Exodus 17.3-10  – CIRCUMCISION, COVENANT, PROMISE, LAND, RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD

3Then Abram fell on his face. And God said to him, 4″Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. 5No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. 6I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make you into nations, and kings shall come from you. 7And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your offspring after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you. 8And I will give to you and to your offspring after you the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and I will be their God.”  9And God said to Abraham, “As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. 10This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your offspring after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised.

Exodus 6.1-7 – LAW, LOVE FOR GOD, RELATIONSHIP TO GOD

“Now this is the commandment, the statutes and the rules that the LORD your God commanded me to teach you, that you may do them in the land to which you are going over, to possess it, 2that you may fear the LORD your God, you and your son and your son’s son, by keeping all his statutes and his commandments, which I command you, all the days of your life, and that your days may be long. 3Hear therefore, O Israel, and be careful to do them, that it may go well with you, and that you may multiply greatly, as the LORD, the God of your fathers, has promised you, in a land flowing with milk and honey. 4“Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. 5You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. 6And these words that I command you today shall be on your heart. 7 You shall teach them diligently to your children

Dt 12.5-19  The PEACE OFFERINGS (of which Passover was a kind)

5But you shall seek the place that the LORD your God will choose out of all your tribes to put his name and make his habitation there. There you shall go, 6and there you shall bring your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and the contribution that you present, your vow offerings, your freewill offerings, and thefirstborn of your herd and of your flock. 7And there you shall eat before the LORD your God, and you shall rejoice, you and your households, in all that you undertake, in which the LORD your God has blessed you.12And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you and your sons and your daughters, your male servants and your female servants, and the Levite that is within your towns, since he has no portion or inheritance with you. 13 Take care that you do not offer your burnt offerings at any place that you see, 14but at the place that the LORD will choose in one of your tribes, there you shall offer your burnt offerings, and there you shall do all that I am commanding you. …17You may not eat within your towns the tithe of your grain or of your wine or of your oil, or the firstborn of your herd or of your flock, or any of your vow offerings that you vow, or your freewill offerings or the contribution that you present, 18but you shall eat them before the LORD your God in the place that the LORD your God will choose, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, and the Levite who is within your towns. And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God in all that you undertake. 19 Take care that you do not neglect the Levite as long as you live in your land.

In [Part 3] I will be working to show that the “What do you mean by this service?” question does not  imply age imitation.

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