The Bread King Sat on His Holy Hill – John 6, Ps 132

2010 March 12

Filed in:

Do You Hear what I Hear? (Psalms)

The Feeding of the Five Thousand in John 6 is, in part, formed by emphases from the Psalms of Ascent, especially Ps 132, where the Messiah is the Bread King of giving to the poor.

I contend that the Psalms of Ascent were indeed used at times of pilgrimage to festival.  People give different explanations for their use, but one of the major views says that they were used on the way to the three annual festivals.

John’s gospel gives further reason to believe this, through two clues, the Lifting of Eyes, and the Bread King.

Looking Up

One thing characteristic of the Ascent is the lifting of eyes.

If these are pilgrim travelling songs for the ascent into the hills toward Zion, it would make sense that they should be lifting their eyes as they go up to Gods’ high place.

But only three places in all the Psalms talk of lifting eyes:

  • PS 121.1 I lift up my eyes to the hills.  From where does my help come?  My help comes from the LORD, who made heaven and earth.
  • PS 123.1 To you I lift up my eyes,  O you who are enthroned in the heavens!
  • PS 131.1 O LORD, my heart is not lifted up; my eyes are not raised too high; I do not occupy myself with things too great and too marvelous for me

These are all Psalms of Ascent.

In John 6.4-5, we hear:

Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was at hand. 5Lifting up his eyes, then, and seeing that a large crowd was coming toward him, Jesus said…

Jesus lifts his eyes, and sees the crowd.  They are following him because he does famous miracles.  But there are so many present, precisely because it is the season for pilgrimage.  And if these pilgrims are singing, then the Psalms of Ascent would be what is on their minds and is in their hearts.

Maybe they had heard Ps 132 right before they got to the blessing of bread from David’s son.

The Bread King:

Ps 132, a Psalm of Ascent, talks about the blessing that will come from the coming king, the Christ, (anointed one) who will rise up from David’s  line of sons.  He will give bread to the poor.  David was the one who brought the ark home, he found it in a field, and returned it to its resting place.  David was seated there on his throne, the ark is the footstool of God’s throne.  Here’s the Psalm with keys underlined, and then look at the explanation of John 6 after:

1Remember, O LORD, in David’s favor,
all the hardships he endured,
2how he swore to the LORD
and vowed to the Mighty One of Jacob,
3“I will not enter my house
or get into my bed,
4I will not give sleep to my eyes
or slumber to my eyelids,
5until I find a place for the LORD,
a dwelling place for the Mighty One of Jacob.”

6Behold, we heard of it in Ephrathah;
we found it in the fields of Jaar.
7“Let us go to his dwelling place;
let us worship at his footstool!”

8 Arise, O LORD, and go to your resting place,
you and the ark of your might.
9Let your priests be clothed with righteousness,
and let your saints shout for joy.
10For the sake of your servant David,
do not turn away the face of your anointed one.

11 The LORD swore to David a sure oath
from which he will not turn back:
One of the sons of your body
I will set on your throne
12If your sons keep my covenant
and my testimonies that I shall teach them,
their sons also forever
shall sit on your throne

13For the LORD has chosen Zion;
he has desired it for his dwelling place:
14This is my resting place forever;
here I will dwell, for I have desired it.
15I will abundantly bless her provisions;
I will satisfy her poor with bread.
16Her priests I will clothe with salvation,
and her saints will shout for joy.
17There I will make a horn to sprout for David;
I have prepared a lamp for my anointed.
18His enemies I will clothe with shame,
but on him his crown will shine.”

John 6.2-15, the Feeding of the Five Thousand is end capped by Jesus, the son of David “sitting on a mountain” (vv.3, 15)

He and the people sit (vv. 3, 10 twice, 11), and they come to a resting place in a field full of grass (v.10),

Because he gives them bread, they want to make him king (v.15).

Since so much of the Ascending Psalms are used for this event AT passover time, we may assume, the Psalms of Ascent were indeed part of the backdrop of Passover celebration.


Wasn’t the First Son of God

2009 November 24

Filed in:

The Bible is a Book of Tales (Narrative Theology)

Do You Hear What I Hear? (Psalms)


Compare Psalm 23 to the Exodus Narrative – what results do we yeild?

 1The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.
 2He makes me lie down in green pastures.
He leads me beside still waters.
 3He restores my soul.
He leads me in paths of righteousness
   for his name’s sake.

 4Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
   I will fear no evil,
for you are with me;
   your rod and your staff,
   they comfort me.

 5You prepare a table before me
   in the presence of my enemies;
you anoint my head with oil;
   my cup overflows.
6Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me
   all the days of my life,
and I shall dwell in the house of the LORD
    forever.  (ESV)

The shepherd is being followed (he is leading) to a green land of still waters.  The Spirit leads the people past the moving waters of the Reed Sea and the Jordan to the still (that is, wells?) waters, like Jacob’s Well and the Seas of Canaan.

Even in the valley (figurative) between Sinai and Zion there is no fear, Aaron’s Staff, and the Rod of the Law are a comfort.

They were called to feast at the mountain, but their enemies would not let them away, so the LORD prepared a table in the presence of their enemies.

Their neighbors had a God-given favor and loaded them down with gold, silver and clothing… their cups overflowed.

I am not saying that the Psalm is written with this as the major emphasis, or away from the kingly motif of David on the run.  I am just saying that David wasn’t the first Son of God to be on the run from an evil king…Or the last (Ex 4.21-23, Hos 11.1, Mt 2.15).  So the pattern is present earlier, and is useful to our ears today.

Sons of Korah, Psalm 117 live

2009 June 15

Jesus WAS the Messiah the FIRST time on Earth – Contrary to Hagee’s Message

2008 February 9

Filed in:

– Which of These Things is Not Like The Other? (Heresy)


I have to say in no uncertain terms that to deny the Messiahship of Jesus, IN THE FIRST coming, is completely unbiblical.

Messiah is Kingship. Messiah is also a person not just his place as king. He was to be the one to fight for and win Israels’s peace.

Jesus directly told the woman at the well that he was the Messiah. Simon Peter’s heaven sent “from the father” confession was this:


(Note that Both MESSIAH and SON OF GOD, are terms for the King of Israel in Psalm 2 – you will read the word “messiah” as “anointed one.”)

He processed into the city of David on a donkey, amidst palm waving, and was robed in a kings garment of purple and wore a kings crown (thorns). The charge and complaint of the Jews was EXACTLY that Jesus claimed to be the Messiah, King of Israel. and was “exalted” (lifted up on the cross) under a sign in three languages that said, “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews.”

In FACT, the name “Christ” is Greek for “Messiah.” His most common appelation in the epistles is “Jesus the Messiah.”

His full and permanent earthly/heavenly reign has nothing to do with the question of whether he WAS ALREADY anointed to be KING.

David was anointed LONG before he ruled. He was already MESSIAH before he reigned. But, as soon as he was anointed, it was an obvious sin to fight against God’s chosen servant.

Jesus directly claims messiahship several times, and his followers almost always refer to him in this way. Hagee says that Israel cannot be said to have rejected His Messiahship (anointing) because he never in any way (“word or deed”) claimed to be Messiah.

This is either ignorance or a lie from Hagee, a man who should know better.

He DID claim it. And the DID reject him FOR EXACTLY the reason that HE CLAIMED TO BE MESSIAH.

Paul says that the GOSPEL is specifically that the resurrection and lineage from David prove Jesus to be Messiah (Romans 1.1-6).

For Paul, Belief that Jesus is already LORD/Son of David/Messiah [all Ps 2 and Ps 89 references), and is RAISED from the dead are the two prongs of the Gospel:

-Rom 1.1-6

1Paul, a servant of the MESSIAH Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for THE GOSPEL of God— 2 THE GOSPEL he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3 regarding his Son, who as to his human nature was a DESCENDANT OF DAVID, 4 and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the SON OF GOD [“messiah” title in Ps 2 and in Ps 89] by his RESURRECTION from the dead: Jesus THE MESSIAH our Lord. 5 Through him and for his name’s sake, we received grace and apostleship to call people from among all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from faith. 6 And you also are among those who are called to belong to Jesus the MESSIAH.

2 Timothy 2.8

Remember Jesus THE MESSIAH, RAISED from the dead, DESCENDED FROM DAVID. This is my gospel[.]

Rom 10.9

That if you confess allegiance with your mouth, saying, “Jesus is LORD,” and believe in your heart that God RAISED him from the dead, you will be saved.

Sermon (02/03/08): The Glory of God, The Word of God, The Son of God [4]

2008 February 3

Now I am working on the opening illustration. To do this I must identify my direction in the sermon and my goal, and my language to express the point. The illustration should be in the same language and format as the way that the point is expressed.

Here are my four [I know, breaking the 3 point rule!] points:

  1. Jesus is supreme over the Law; he is the highest Law, a living Law.
  2. Jesus is supreme over the Prophets; he is the highest prophet.
  3. Jesus is supreme over the Kingship; he is the King of Kings.
  4. Jesus is supreme over death; he is the resurrection, conquering death.

Jesus is the supreme point; he doesn’t get rid of the former things, he fulfills them! He doesn’t throw out the law the prophets and the kingship; he overshadows them and outshines them by being the highest and the best. And he doesn’t merely despise death and act unafraid, but he took it on himself, and with death upon him, he dragged it down under the ocean and put death to death, so that with the authority to take up his own life again, he could be raised to a world where death could not threaten God’s people.

We become focused on the keeping of rules, instead of loving the man who gives us the rules [and don’t forget that he gives the law to his loved and forgiven people so that they can ENJOY him more].

We sometimes get focused on eternal life, instead of focusing on the fact that our eternal life is WITH JESUS.

We get focused on the forgiveness of sins, instead of on the freedom to be WITH JESUS that COMES FROM the forgiveness of sins.

So now to the opening illustration. It needs to focus on the above structure and language.

Options good or bad:

  1. Addition and subtraction are lower orders to multiplication and division – when we learn the skills of multiplication and division, we don’t get rid of addition and subtraction; in fact, without addition and subraction, we wouldn’t have the foundation to understand multiplication and division. The former things are a foundation, but the later things are the goal. But there are things you learn in early math that just aren’t true, and later math has to throw them out. You can’t subtract a big number from a small number…later we find that you can. You can’t divide by zero. Later they tell you that you can. The former things you learned were limitations, but the later things are liberation from those limits.

Actually – I think I am going to stop with that, and head on to the sermon outline on paper.

Thanks for coming along for the process.



The church we are part of:


If you are interested in a Bible-believing church that worships in the Anglican way, and you live in the Baltimore / Annapolis area, you might consider Emmaus Anglican Church (Catonsville). Click here for the church website.



Emmaus Anglican Church is a parish of the Anglican Mission in the Americas – a mission of the Episcopal Diocese of Rwanda, a Church in full communion in the Global Anglican Communion.

Sermon (02/03/08): The Glory of God, The Word of God, The Son of God [3]

2008 February 3

Again, We have a supremacy issue:

  1. God told Moses to bring forth the Law; Jesus was called to be them Law.
  2. God told Elija to bring forth kings; Jesus was called to be the King.
  3. And where Moses and Elijah had both been fleeing to save their lives Jesus was running toward his death.

Luke 9 adds these things:

“And behold, two men were talking with him, Moses and Elijah, who appeared in glory and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem” (9.30-31)


“And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is my Son, my Chosen One; listen to him!'” (9.35).

Psalm 2

The issue here is Jesus’ messiahship.

Son of God and Chosen One are both terms that mean the same thing to Jesus’ contemporaries – “King / Messiah”. Remember the Story of David’s call…

1 Sam 16.1-2, 8-11, parts of 12-13.
Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons.” … Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all your sons here?” And he said, “There remains yet the youngest, but behold, he is keeping the sheep.” … Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him, for this is he.” Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward.

If you look at Psalm 2, which is about David, you will see all these things: 1) the idea of the chosen King, 2) the Annointed/”Messiah,” 3) the Son of God, 4) enthronement on the holy mount of God.

“Son of God” is a term used by Israel and all surrounding cultures to refer to a divinely chosen and supported king. [In the New Testament, we get the nice surprise of it taking on a REAL deific meaning too]. But in the time of David, “Son of God,” meant “Messiah” meant “Chosen One” meant “King of Israel.”

See 2 Sam 7.4-16, and Ps 89. David’s son was to be king.
You would really have a big clue to the messiah if you could get someone called, “David, God’s Son, the Chosen One” and if you could catch him on God’s holy mountain.

This is what we have in the Transfiguration. Yes, it is a reference to Mt. Horeb of the Exodus, but it is also a reference to the Davidic/Messianic declaration of choice – who would be anointed, and exalted as the true “Son of God”?

Jesus took with him Peter and James, and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. He was still speaking when, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and a voice from the cloud said, This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him.” (from Matthew 17)

“This is my Son, my Chosen One; listen to him!”

(from Luke 9)



The church we are part of:


If you are interested in a Bible-believing church that worships in the Anglican way, and you live in the Baltimore / Annapolis area, you might consider Emmaus Anglican Church (Catonsville). Click here for the church website.



Emmaus Anglican Church is a parish of the Anglican Mission in the Americas – a mission of the Episcopal Diocese of Rwanda, a Church in full communion in the Global Anglican Communion.

Sermon (02/03/08): The Glory of God, The Word of God, The Son of God [2]

2008 February 2

Here is Section 2 – It is in progress, so if you are interested, check back later.

I already have some idea of where I am going. The passages are chosen thematically – and I want to talk about the common themes throughout in order to narrow down the ideas within.

Exodus. (4.21-23); 24: 12-18; (34.34-35) GLORIOUS MOUNTAIN – GIVING OF THE LAW

  • – Israel is God’s Son; serve God’s son or God will strike you [4.22-23]
  • – Moses [24.12]
  • – On Mountain of God with few chosen assistants [24.13]
  • – God’s Gives a Word of Command – The Torah (Law) [24.12]
  • – Cloud on Mountain [24.15]
  • – Six days of Cloud [24.16]
  • – On Seventh Day God Speaks Out of the Cloud [24.16]
  • – Glory of God as Fire [24.17]
  • – (Face shone from presence with the Father) [34.34-35]


  • – On the seventh day [17.1]:
  • – On a Mountain with a few chosen assistants [17.1]
  • – Jesus face shone like the sun [17.2]
  • – Moses is on the Mountain [17.3]
  • – Elijah is on the Mountain [17.3]
  • – Peter wants to build tents [17.4]
  • – A bright cloud on them [17.5]
  • – God’s voice from the Cloud [17.5]
  • – God declares Jesus to be his Beloved Son [17.5]
  • – God Gives a Word of Command – Listen to Him [17.5]
  • – Disciples fall at his feet [17.6]

These items alone carry striking similarities.

Some obvious starting places for my trail to the narrowed points to preach:

  1. Both stories take place on the 7th day. Question: what does the coming of Law have to do with the day of rest?
  2. Glory displays God’s Choice (reinforces the physical memory of the witness).
  3. God’s voice declares God’s Command.
  4. Jesus represents the place of the Law from Ex 24
    1. Where God said, obey the Law… (Ex 24)
    2. …God now says, obey my Son! (Matt 17)
    3. THEREFORE – Jesus is Superior to Moses – and embodies the Law.
  5. Moses has a mountain. Jesus has a mountain. Does Elijah have a mountain?
    1. Yes: on Mt Carmel with the Prophets of Baal [1 Kg 18] – Fire declares God’s man.
      1. 37 Answer me, O LORD, answer me, so these people will know that you, O LORD, are God, and that you are turning their hearts back again.” 38 Then the fire of the LORD fell and burned up the sacrifice, the wood, the stones and the soil, and also licked up the water in the trench.39 When all the people saw this, they fell prostrate and cried, “The LORD -he is God! The LORD -he is God!”
    2. Mt Horeb: Elijah was fleeing FROM his death.
      1. (1 Kg 19.15-16) The LORD said to him, “Go back the way you came, and go to the Desert of Damascus. When you get there, anoint Hazael king over Aram. 16 Also, anoint Jehu son of Nimshi king over Israel, and anoint Elisha son of Shaphat from Abel Meholah to succeed you as prophet.

——————[Click any one of the passages to see in ESV at BibleGateway]

or—————[Click here to see all at once]


Click here for the Next Section:

[Section 3]


The church we are part of:


If you are interested in a Bible-believing church that worships in the Anglican way, and you live in the Baltimore / Annapolis area, you might consider Emmaus Anglican Church (Catonsville). Click here for the church website.



Emmaus Anglican Church is a parish of the Anglican Mission in the Americas – a mission of the Episcopal Diocese of Rwanda, a Church in full communion in the Global Anglican Communion.